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Purpose of EMS (Emergency Medical Services)

What is the Purpose of EMS?

Because of today's EMS or emergency medical services, countless lives have been saved through the years. The main purpose of EMS to provide for immediate medical care to the people who most need it, without which, heart attacks and accidents would lead to many more fatalities. The EMS simply exists in order to give us all a better quality of life.



EMS is anchored upon 6 general principles:
  • Early detection - early detection of the incident is important since it's the first step towards understanding the situation and seeking for help. Once a medical emergency is confirmed, a report can then be made to the proper authorities.

  • Early reporting - early detection then leads to early reporting. Everyone should be made aware of their area's emergency number so in an emergency situation, an emergency call to report the incident can immediately be made. All details and observations should be reported to the operator handling the call so that the control facility will be able to brief the responding EMS team of what they're about to face.

  • Early response - the dispatched EMS team then urgently responds to the location of the emergency so that proper care can be given as soon as possible. An early response can sometimes be crucial in emergency cases that require immediate attention such as a patient suffering from a stroke or a heart attack.

  • Good on scene care - the responding EMS team should be able to provide the proper medical assistance that is needed in the situation. Proper first aid, which is the main purpose of EMS, should be given in order to stop further damage from developing. The EMTs in charge will have the necessary certifications in order to take full control over any medical emergency. It's also up to them to decide whether the patient would require further treatment in the hospital.

  • Care in transit - once the need for definitive care has been established, the responding EMS team uses an ambulatory vehicle in order to transport the patient to the nearest facility. The EMS team should continue providing the necessary first aid medical attention throughout the transport.

  • Transfer to definitive care - responsibility over the patient should be handed over to a medical facility that is equipped to handle the case. More often than not, patients are transported to the emergency facility of the nearest hospital. It's then up to the physicians in charge to take care of the patient. This is where definitive care will commence.

  • EMS provides people with immediate medical care with the hopes of prolong life, as well as providing a chance to get definitive care if there is a need for it.


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